History of Italian Cooking

When many people think of Italian culture, they think of cuisine. Some of the most popular dishes are pizza and pasta. However, the world of Italian cooking is more than that, and the history of Italian cooking is very diverse. Different regions of Italy have developed their own styles of cooking centered around local ingredient, and other influences throughout history have influenced Italian food.

Culinary History

The history of Italian cooking actually goes back over two thousand years. It flourished during the Roman Empire. During that time, food preparation was very important, though much of the earlier art of cooking has since been lost. After the Roman Empire fell, Italian food started to become more diverse. The different city states throughout the area started to develop their own ways of cooking, as well as their own distinct flavors that came from the foods that grew in the area. Meats, cheese, and even the wine became distinct.

Regional Diversity

The diversity of the history of Italian cooking can be traced back to the different areas where it was conceived. The north utilized Tuscan beef, while in Marches the black truffles became popular. Many Italian cheeses, such as provolone and mozzarella, were developed in the south. Citrus fruits were used in the south as well. Breads and pasta differed from region to region as well.

The south used more pasta like the hard-boiled spaghetti, while in the north softer egg noodles were popular. Milan was known for its risotto. Naples, on the other hand, became known for its pizza. The coastal regions became known for their seafood dishes. Anchovies, lobster, sardines, and swordfish became incorporated into much of the history of Italian cooking.

Outside Influences

Another factor of the history of Italian cooking was the influence of other cultures on the cuisine. Ancient Greek cooking was integrated as part of the dishes, but the Roman Empire also brought in other flavors, such as wheat wine, and fine spices. Ingredients for Italian cooking came as far as China, contributing to the wide variety of flavors and dishes. The island of Sardinian was influenced by the Mediterranean, while Sicily received many influences from North Africa. The southern parts of the country were also affected by influences from the Arabs, especially when it came to the sweets, such as the popular dessert cassata.

A Continuation

Some of the most popular dishes throughout the history of Italian cooking have seen a rebirth. For instance, some believe that pasta was actually brought to Italy from China during the time of Marco Polo. However, this was actually a rediscovery of a food that had been popular in Roman times. That early pasta is not much different than the ones enjoyed around the world today.

The history of Italian cooking continues to evolve, and today there are still distinct differences between the northern and southern regions of the country. The traditions reflect the deep culture and history that originally inspired them. So every time you cook an authentic Italian dish, you are cooking a piece of history.

Flame Resistant Clothes

There is a wide range of flame resistant fabrics to choose from when making your choice of a flame resistant material. When trying to decide which fabric to buy, there are a lot of factors to consider. It is important to get the right fabric for the job at hand. If the job involves working around flammable materials, buying a firefighting ensemble does not make much sense. The thickness of the material will hinder movement and cause the wearer to become uncomfortable. On the other hand, someone dealing with an open flame on a regular basis will need much more protection than a set of non treated cotton coveralls will provide. Choosing the perfect balance of protection and comfort is the key.

One of the more popular flame resistant fabrics is Nomex. Many people know the Nomex name due to its association with the oil and petroleum, military and auto racing. However, Nomex comes in a variety of thicknesses and textures and is applicable to a wide variety of jobs. The Nomex Industrial line comes in three variations, Nomex IIIA, Nomex AP and Nomex Limitedwear. Nomex AP provides protection from burns that are commonly received as a result of electrical arc fires. It meets Hazard / Risk Category 2 arc protection standards. Nomex Limitedwear provides protection from flash fires and, while it is washable, it is only designed to be worn for limited periods. The Nomex IIIA fabric is the most popular as is has a static dissipative and is available in both a 4.5 oz and a 6.0 oz weight fabric.

Another popular choice is Excel flame resistant cotton and Comfortouch garments. The cotton garments are made of a 100% cotton fabric treated with a phosphonium salt precondensate that has been polymerized with gaseous ammonia or a heat-cured dialkylphosphonamide to provide protection from flame. The Comfortouch garments are made of a blend of 88% cotton and 12% nylon that has received the same treatments as the 100% cotton fabrics. The treatment has little effect on the fabric's texture, breathability, or movement. The cotton fibers are resistant to alkalis and a majority of solvents, but acids can damage the cotton fibers. The nylon fibers allow the Comfortouch fabric to be more resistant to abrasion and will provide a slightly longer garment life.

Other manufacturers offer garments made of identical cotton and cotton / nylon blend fabrics. And although the fabrics have different names, they have received something the same treatment as mentioned above. The blended fabric put out by Indura is known as Indura Ultra Soft and the Banox blend goes by the name Banwear. The available styles of garments vary between the manufacturers, but the fabrics used are very similar.

Wood Furniture Plans – Finish Your Project With Pride

No matter what kind of carpentry project you are hiring to get started with, there are many aspects to consider when you select your wood furniture plans. The first is to reflect on your personal woodworking skills. Do you have several successful projects under your belt, or maybe you need to start with simpler projects to have your first of many furniture building accomplishments? Carpentry can be an enjoyable experience for any level of building skills, provided the furniture piece is within your abilities and written with clear and complete instructions. Likewise, no level of expertise can make up for deficient wood furniture plans.

What do you have the urge to build? Whether it is a rocking horse, coffee table, bunk bed, or wine rack, you probably have a great amount of motivation going into the project. Perhaps you saw a great finished product at a furniture store that you are confident you could replicate for a fraction of the asking price. Not only can you save money but you can achieve a great feeling of accomplishment when you build your own furniture. In an attempt to get started immediately, you may endeavor to write your own wood furniture plans from scratch. However, there is an easier way.

Instead of risking forgetting essential parts of a piece of the furniture's construction simply by looking at it, you should seek professionally produced wood furniture plans. These, when coming from a reliable source, will have the full list of materials that you need to get started with your project. This will be followed by detailed and complete instructions for everything from putting the first boards together to finishing the stain work. There should also be an image on the plans of what the finished product will look like, giving you a good idea to work off and keep your motivation up as well.

Many people search for free wood furniture plans online, but the fact is that you absolutely get what you pay for. Most furniture plans offered for free are not reliable. They will either miss important pieces in the instructions, like a materials list, or the final product will not resemble what is shown in the picture, if a picture is present at all. If you want your finished product to be something you can pride yourself in, you need to make a small investment at the startup of the project in the form of buying dependable wood furniture plans.

Shopping Mall Leasing Strategies for Real Estate Brokers

The leasing of a shopping mall is a specific strategy relative to the location, the property type, the customer demographic, and the landlord. All factors come together to contribute towards a successful leasing outcome and tenancy mix.

It should be said that a successful leasing strategy will contribute towards the greater the benefit of the property. More customers will be encouraged to visit the property and purchase goods or services. On that basis retail leasing is quite special.

Here are some tips to help you with leasing a retail mall in today’s property market:

  1. Understand the vacancy factors that apply to the precinct or location. An excessive number of vacant tenancies will have an impact on market rentals and incentives. Check out the factors of supply and demand that apply within the region. Look for any new property developments that could have an impact on tenant movement and market rentals.
  2. Understand the types of incentives that can be offered by the landlord to attract tenants. Also understand the requirements of tenants when it comes to incentives in today’s market. Any vacancy that you have available for lease needs to be matched to the prevailing market conditions. That will include the rental types, and the incentives offered. The landlord needs to adjust to the prevailing market conditions. Get some details of comparable rentals and other properties nearby to help the landlord understand the packaging of their vacant tenancy.
  3. It should be said that a lease incentive cost should be recovered through the rental structure over the lease term. In other words, any money that is lost or offset in the incentive availability should be recovered by rental growth and escalation across the lease term. You can do this calculation through an assumption of market rentals and a discount cash flow calculation. The net present value of the deal can be compared across the duration of the lease.
  4. Successful leasing executives usually have a substantial database of retail tenants to contact. Any new leasing opportunity can be offered through the database to targeted tenants, anchor tenants, retail specialists, franchise groups, and other industry professionals. Any vacancy can be directly marketed to these groups through cold calling, direct contact, e-mail marketing, and direct mail.
  5. It is acceptable and normal to market a vacant tenancy through the generic media. That will involve newspaper advertising, and Internet listing. There are costs associated with that marketing activity and the landlord should contribute towards those costs.
  6. Most successful leasing transactions occur through the involvement of the leasing executive and direct marketing to the right people. I go back to the point that the database for each broker or agent is quite important to converting more commissions and listings.

It should be noted that any quality property in a good location will create good inbound enquiries. If you are selective with your property appointments and vacant tenancies, you will create more churn and activity in property leasing.